Dec 1, 2010

Tarot History

When the subject of tarot is mentioned, most people envision a gypsy woman in flowing robes, leaning over a small table in a candle lit room, foretelling impending doom but in reality this is simply the stuff of Hollywood. Most modern tarot readers are far removed from the popular scenes we often see on our television screens.

How did tarot come about you may ask, well that is an interesting question...let’s take a look. Researchers have tried for years to pinpoint the true origin of the Tarot and many are still in disagreement as to who created the first deck. Some believe they were in use as long ago as the early 1300's in Italy, others say in Egypt.

Here’s what we do know...The designs of the 22 cards in the Major Arcana can be traced back as far as 1440, when the first known deck appeared in Italy. The 3 decks called the "Visconti Trumps" are generally regarded as the forefathers of the decks that are widely available today. It is believed that they were originally created as a game for Nobles. It is not until centuries later that the cards reemerged, this time as a tool of divination.

By the 18th and the 19th centuries, the mystics and occultists began using tarot cards. Their use started after a study on religious symbolism by a Swiss clergyman called Antoine Court de Gebelin was published. He proclaimed the name tarot to have originated from the Egyptian word, 'tar' that meant royal and 'ro' meaning road. He suggested that the word tarot signified a royal road to wisdom.

The Rider-Waite-Smith Tarot was published by A. E. Waite in December 1909, the English Christian occult philosopher who worked with the artist Pamela Coleman Smith to produce the 78 card deck that we use today. It replaced the traditional designs with the portrayals of symbolic scenes. This deck remains popular in the English-speaking countries even today.

There are many decks available from the “mainstream’’ Rider-Waite deck to tarot cards with woodland images for Pagans, feline images for Cat lovers, as well as pictures of beautiful lands both real and imagined. The decks come with complete instructions and meanings for all of the cards, so the true mystery of the tarot can be as easy as trying it for yourself, if you’re game and absolutely no gypsies needed .


Moira said...

Sometimes I feel like I TRY too hard with the tarot, trying to remember meanings, looking deep into the card waiting for some intuitive jolt. It can drive me crazy sometimes BUT I am done with all that carzy stuff and have made up my mind to relax about it and just draw one "weather report" card for the day and not get too intense about it. Not be afraid to be wrong and just have fun. Any advice?

Rebecca said...

I've been wanting to read up on the history of the Tarot, so thanks for sharing this. I've got a few books in my TBR list to get to work on LOL.

I often wonder about the transition from a card game for nobles to a tool for divination. Perhaps there was intent there, to debunk the idea of nobles being better than the common person?